The Bureau of Land Management and the U.S. Forest Service manage grazing permits on federal public property. Where the state has public areas for grazing, permits are managed by the competent public authority. The authorizations set out the requirements of the private party to use public spaces for grazing and to work according to the traditional “first come, first serve” method. To obtain a grazing permit, a private party must first own or lease basic land or a private ranch. The base land is private land near the grazing area and is not easy to acquire. The duration of the authorization is set by law to be ten years. The private party must pay a grazing tax based on a base rate of 1.23 per unit of animals (AUM) in 1966, and then adjusted on the basis of current private pasture rents, livestock prices and livestock costs. The levy should not fall below US$1.35 per AUM, as indicated by a presidential executive order adopted in 1986 by President Reagan. The remuneration for oil and gas leases varies. The proposed prices for oil and gas leases are controlled by several factors, including the energy market at the time of signing the lease, the type of oil and gas extraction, extraction difficulties and geographical location. Some leases offer a uniform payment based on market rates, while others offer regular payments that reflect a percentage of the withdrawal proceeds. Other benefits may be signing bonuses, late rentals and claims provisions.
Infrastructure and drilling costs can often be deducted before payments are made. Landowners can also consult a legal judge on liability for pollution or other damages under national and federal law. Farm landowners have a large number of options for hunting leases. The owner may choose to rent to individuals a limited number of seasonal hunts, or he can also rent to large groups such as sports clubs and decorators` businesses. Leases can help a farm landowner cover the costs of property taxes and operating costs, as well as value added to reduce game pressure to reduce crop damage. The agricultural sector relies heavily on land leases and equipment to meet the needs of farmers. In the absence of arable land in the United States, farmers and ranchers rent many hectares that they grow and graze today. Either the private parties or the government can enter into a lease agreement, which makes it possible to vary considerably the complexity and scope of these contracts. A wind leasing includes conditions for the duration of the lease, somewhere from twenty-five to fifty years, and many have an optional period that can last up to fifty additional years.